How to talk about hypothetical situations in the past?

Use if … + had + [past participle], … would have + [past participle] to talk about something that could have happened in the past, but did not happen.
Would shows that you are quite certain about what you would have done if not for the circumstances.

For example, a phrase like this: If I had had money with me, I would have bought that dress.
Solidify this grammar point right now
(you will be asked to create an account if you do not have one)

Learn more simple rules

Phrase the Cat inviting to practise English Phrase the Cat waving

At you can study grammar points and practise their application right away.